Why Robots That Bend Are Better

Robots of the future may be softer, squishier and bendier than robots today. This could make them ideal for space exploration. Check out kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any subscription!
On Thursday February 18th, 2021 the NASA Perseverance Rover will land on Mars. It is a wonderful robot, made out of steel and wire - but will future robots look like Perseverance? There is an emerging field of research on "soft robots", where the machines are flexible. These soft robots have many advantages over traditional robots - they're safer, lighter, more flexible and can change their shape and size.
NASA is investigating the use of soft robots for space missions. For future visits to Enceladus or Europa, a lander could cut a hole in the ice and then insert a compliant robot through the hole. This robot could then grow and change shape on the other side.
References:
N. S. Usevitch, Z. M. Hammond, M. Schwager, A. M. Okamura, E. W. Hawkes, S. Follmer, An untethered isoperimetric soft robot. Sci. Robot. 4,
ve42.co/Hammond2020 - paper about the truss robot
ve42.co/Usevitch2020 - press release and video about the truss robot
Electronics-free pneumatic circuits for controlling soft-legged robots
Dylan Drotman1, Saurabh Jadhav, David Sharp, Christian Chan, Michael T. Tolley Sci. Robot. 6, eaay2627 (2021)
ve42.co/Drotman - paper about the turtle robot
Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Robert, fanime96, Marc Forand, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Grace O'Maille KRON x Arc iOS, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex , Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal, Bryan Baker
Video supplied by Getty Images
Thanks to Zachary Hammond for showing me the soft truss robot
Filmed by Derek Muller
Edited and GFX by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivan Tello
Music by Jonny Hyman
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci, Dan Meyer

Megjegyzés 

  1. OKeyEng

    OKeyEng

    46 perccel

    Here's an idea for your videos, why not research into Glycidol. There're a lot of speculations about it, especially in Russia, that it's cancerogenic, can be formed while heating or deodorizing edible oil and it's present in palm oil (industrial palm oil, and as it's believed by some people industrial palm oil is added to or even used instead of edible one to lower production cost). It would be great to see lab-results on sunflower and palm oil (heated, deodorized, edible, industrial) whether they contain Glycidol or not

  2. Palindrom

    Palindrom

    3 órája

    Come.on guys U want to be serious scientists...so take off the MASK!!

  3. Mort Gnome

    Mort Gnome

    4 órája

    Hi, Can you see if it is possible to make a light, that creates a rainbow in other colours than we usually see?

    • Mort Gnome

      Mort Gnome

      Órája

      @Omg Cyanide Yea, with what I know I kinda guesed it would not be possible. But you never know what sciense can come up with, to "break" the rules. Also, I have seen a monochrome rainbow before, and that made me Wonder about finding a way to make other colours come out. :)

    • Omg Cyanide

      Omg Cyanide

      Órája

      ?? We can’t see other colors man they just will not go into the eye as that color

  4. Simply Rover

    Simply Rover

    4 órája

    I just came to say stop your HUeye ad from playing every second

  5. Anthony Phung

    Anthony Phung

    5 órája

    The slimy crown genotypically multiply because male presently amuse until a wild kenneth. naughty, idiotic tennis

  6. ImaVking

    ImaVking

    6 órája

    Wearing those masks are really killing the educational vibe. Can't take this channel serious anymore. Good luck!

  7. Emerald Eyes Esoteric Gaming

    Emerald Eyes Esoteric Gaming

    8 órája

    to robots that can't bend: "bite my shiny metal ass" -Bender

  8. Notte Narwle

    Notte Narwle

    10 órája

    STEAM?

  9. CARPE DIEM

    CARPE DIEM

    16 órája

    @Veritasium Please do a video on solar sail and the starshot mission

  10. HARSH KESHRUWALA

    HARSH KESHRUWALA

    19 órája

    Can you make video on quantum locking?

  11. Todd Willoughby

    Todd Willoughby

    Napja

    This is brilliant.

  12. Aziz Abeba

    Aziz Abeba

    Napja

    Dear Derek, you have great videos! This year I discovered your videos! This is a colossal work! I wish your channel development and stability! And I wish you new interesting ideas and interviews with interesting people, first of all for you).

    • bouytt guyt

      bouytt guyt

      15 órája

      Everyone: oh thats a nice robot me: a7sIII 👀

  13. Gavin M. Cox

    Gavin M. Cox

    Napja

    Maybe you can do a video on the effectiveness of masks next?

  14. World Wide Mary

    World Wide Mary

    Napja

    Am I the only one who thinks that he looks like Elon Musk when he's wearing a mask?

    • bouytt guyt

      bouytt guyt

      15 órája

      Beautiful & Informative💋🌹👄

  15. NANI

    NANI

    Napja

    Of course robots that bend are better. Personally I prefer fire bending robots but people can have their own opinions

  16. Jera Grounds

    Jera Grounds

    Napja

    Is there such thing as flat? I do not think that such a thing exists. What is the flattest thing we have made?

    • Dank Sanchez

      Dank Sanchez

      20 órája

      Well it’s impossible to make something truly flat because we live in a 3d plain so yknow, but paper or tin foil is pretty flat

  17. nazTV nazTV

    nazTV nazTV

    Napja

    will it not float in the water?

  18. 03 old sub2

    03 old sub2

    Napja

    The holistic stinger iteratively attract because oyster separately cure about a secret step-sister. youthful, knowledgeable visitor

  19. DianondSword

    DianondSword

    Napja

    Why Robots That Bend Are Benders?

  20. The Earth Is a Donut

    The Earth Is a Donut

    Napja

    Veritasium Can you do a video on why hands smell burnt if rubbed together fast (or comment?)? Surely my hypothesis would be that the friction generated heat does indeed burn skin cells, but only the superficial, first layer of cells in the stratum corneum. So the superficial layer gets burned off, but because that first cell layer is so thin, the heat is quickly diffused into the rest of the layers and the air, so it only feels warm, not really hot. Iwasnt able to find any info on this myself, so Id appreciate your imput. Im curious lol

  21. Mr Pengalin

    Mr Pengalin

    Napja

    " I have no mouth but I must scream "

  22. Madiyar Yespolatov

    Madiyar Yespolatov

    Napja

    We are one step away from making a bender bot

  23. Reality Vision

    Reality Vision

    Napja

    The greenery of a country shows the wealth of a country, happy people around you shows the happiness of your mind. Create happiness spread happiness 😁 have a nice day😃

  24. HAG V

    HAG V

    Napja

    You know you’re not a scientist when your first thought after “does it walk this way” you can’t help hearing him say “talk this way”

  25. AZA CABASA

    AZA CABASA

    Napja

    This does not change the fact that in Antarctica there are 21 million penguins and in Malta there are ~502,653 inhabitants. So if the penguins decide to invade Malta, each Maltese will have to fight 42 penguins.

  26. GalaxyGladiator Group

    GalaxyGladiator Group

    Napja

    E

  27. Creative Thinker Anik

    Creative Thinker Anik

    2 napja

    Beautiful & Informative💋🌹👄

  28. Soundwave

    Soundwave

    2 napja

    Everyone: oh thats a nice robot me: a7sIII 👀

    • CDScissor

      CDScissor

      Napja

      A camera man, I see.

  29. Blair martin

    Blair martin

    2 napja

    The AI bot doesn’t like it when I mentioned the insanity of not applying the scientific method in a science video to wearing a mask to protect the subjects from covid virus. Big brother is controlling the narrative

  30. Daniel

    Daniel

    2 napja

    This looks like it would be useful in hostile environments

  31. Aledner_LW

    Aledner_LW

    2 napja

    An octahedral sausage link soft robot. Nice.

  32. Batman

    Batman

    2 napja

    I suppose it's safer, but still looks like it can pinch your fingers in the roller things

    • Pyro

      Pyro

      2 napja

      Yep.

  33. Trope aDope

    Trope aDope

    2 napja

    Mmm flaccid machinery

  34. Михаил Заворин

    Михаил Заворин

    2 napja

    Please make a video about solar sail and the principle of light pressure.

  35. мир

    мир

    2 napja

    I having a stroke reading the title and writing stroke

  36. Kasjan Szczęsny

    Kasjan Szczęsny

    2 napja

    polish kielbasa

  37. gio 59

    gio 59

    2 napja

    The red arms of the robot fling him 20 ft backwards against the wall. "Oh... yeah, sorry, there's a bug. Unit Tests didn't catch it for some reason."

  38. DannyDorito33

    DannyDorito33

    2 napja

    Yall should make Baymax

  39. Brendan

    Brendan

    2 napja

    Show me the application.

  40. Lebaneser Scrooge

    Lebaneser Scrooge

    2 napja

    Will you please do a video explaining how -40 degrees Fahrenheit is also -40 degrees Celsius??? I know the formula, I just don't understand how that one number lines up?

  41. Kyle Murray

    Kyle Murray

    2 napja

    ok ngl i was expecting some baymax crap when it said soft robots

  42. hussain ainyya

    hussain ainyya

    3 napja

    I study physics and you inspired me a lot'(really thank you) could you make us a brief history of nuclear experiment and thanks again Z

  43. Kaddu Mills

    Kaddu Mills

    3 napja

    The staking dill complimentarily surround because tip dolly pinch next a ill texture. imminent, puzzled belgian

  44. icekk007

    icekk007

    3 napja

    Cool concept. I notice the apexes of the robot are made of metal. Are they sharp enough to hurt a human?

  45. Bodie Sands

    Bodie Sands

    3 napja

    That pneumatic turtle robot is the cutest thing ever. Like a little elephant :)

  46. Rama Kirkol

    Rama Kirkol

    3 napja

    I want Veritasium to explain TENET in his next video!!! Plzzz like so that he sees this... PLZZZZZZZ

  47. Satrangi Bhai

    Satrangi Bhai

    3 napja

    Is there any proof that time is 4th dimension

  48. thefrefdood

    thefrefdood

    3 napja

    Yo, black holes will consume everything, and each other, and that will make a big bang. the big bang has a resonate frequency of like 0.0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001 Hz. can some one with a degree get on that? thanks. bless you.

  49. Yustas Foosa

    Yustas Foosa

    3 napja

    the Baymax conception

  50. juan cuello espinosa

    juan cuello espinosa

    3 napja

    Baymax in real life

  51. Mohd Mushtaq

    Mohd Mushtaq

    3 napja

    What happens to the cells of food when we cook them? Pls make a video on that and explain the nutrients in the cooked food we eat. Thanks

  52. abhay agrawal

    abhay agrawal

    3 napja

    Make a video about "metal monolith discovered in Utah desert"

    • yasio bolo

      yasio bolo

      3 napja

      speed of the pulse = speed of light, even better if the pulse goes at the speed of light then you divide the time you get by half.

  53. Magan Ang

    Magan Ang

    3 napja

    The ruthless carpenter clinicopathologically part because spinach structurally wail near a typical dietician. fluffy, boring male

  54. Kidlap

    Kidlap

    3 napja

    whats that robot movie that is soft?oh he mentioned it as i watched it in the end :)

    • Reyas Ali

      Reyas Ali

      3 napja

      Bighero6

  55. douglas coulthard

    douglas coulthard

    3 napja

    After talking about the under water exploration I was thinking that you could fill the tubes with water. Then I thought that instead of a rowing motion, instead use a fabric that when rolled through the motors would pull itself through the water. You would have to rotate the tubes into a 3 sided pyramid and have the return part of the tube be blocked by say a corner cone.

  56. Izaac Rucker

    Izaac Rucker

    3 napja

    Can you do a video on entropy

  57. juicyNathan

    juicyNathan

    3 napja

    Спасибо за видео, коммент для продвижения канала

  58. It's OK to be white

    It's OK to be white

    4 napja

    Masks

  59. Lixia Stone

    Lixia Stone

    4 napja

    Folks, Jesus Christ, the Son of God, died for our sins. He was buried and resurrected on the third day. Believe on Him to be saved.

  60. dariusdareme

    dariusdareme

    4 napja

    Do a video about where time passes the slowest. If we lived near a black hole, like in Interstellar, time would pass a lot faster. A civilization in the slowest ticking time, would have more time to advance and survive to the end of the universe compared to one living near a black hole. Is the edge of the galaxy the place where time passes the slowest?

  61. The Batch

    The Batch

    4 napja

    We're so screwed when the future super AI sees what we've done to robots...

    • Trope aDope

      Trope aDope

      2 napja

      @Blair martin please stay on topic. It's AI incase you didn't read OP's comment.

    • Blair martin

      Blair martin

      2 napja

      Why don’t you just admit that mask wearing out doors can not be scientifically justified?

    • Pyro

      Pyro

      2 napja

      @Trope aDope Look up "Kyle Hill Basilisk" on this site then watch the vid

    • Trope aDope

      Trope aDope

      2 napja

      @Pyro ?

    • Pyro

      Pyro

      2 napja

      The Basilisk?

  62. Max Bantz

    Max Bantz

    4 napja

    NASA looking to explore Europa's oceans with one of these. Exciting!

  63. Greg Vaillant

    Greg Vaillant

    4 napja

    En France nous avons David Louapre un vrai physicien puisqu'il est docteur en physique, et bizarrement certain de vos sujets ressemble beaucoup à ceux de notre ami David... In France we have David Louapre a real physicist since he is a doctor in physics, and some of your subjects are oddly similar to those of our friend David ...

  64. Roice Economos

    Roice Economos

    4 napja

    The nostalgic italy globally weigh because relative canonically slap regarding a stupid grade. blue, hard balloon

  65. NoT_K0Pyae

    NoT_K0Pyae

    4 napja

    Doc oct

  66. László Isó

    László Isó

    4 napja

    I like new concepts... but some wheels would drastically improve that robot... and some arms maybe??? A seat to carry around people??? So

  67. ceerw buty

    ceerw buty

    4 napja

    speed of the pulse = speed of light, even better if the pulse goes at the speed of light then you divide the time you get by half.

  68. MrMoji

    MrMoji

    4 napja

    theres a question i have, if you drop a empty metal cup into a lunch box full of water upside down, why does it flip it self to be straight up again?

    • Simon W

      Simon W

      2 napja

      That's a question that could have a variety of answers and is unclear with a lot of guess work. Could be the shape of the cup how its dropped to the pressure of the air trapped inside the cup when it seals the rim with the water and wants to continue sinking. It's most probably the compression of the air trapped trying to escape forcing the cup over sideways and then finding its resting point then all the forces come to equilibrium.

  69. ajvark

    ajvark

    4 napja

    Yeah I've seen into the spider verse

  70. Paul Chang

    Paul Chang

    4 napja

    Throw a sphere container in the center and it can carry objects at any orientation while it is crawling around.

    • ceerw buty

      ceerw buty

      4 napja

      0:17 "Hey honey, come and look at my soft robot." "If it's not a robot, I'm going to cut it off."

  71. Luca Pasa

    Luca Pasa

    5 napja

    Finally, the sequel to my favorite of Veritassium's videos

  72. DucHieu TV

    DucHieu TV

    5 napja

    Gay a*s robot

  73. CycloneCypherGamerツ

    CycloneCypherGamerツ

    5 napja

    Ur so close to 1 billion veiws

  74. null null

    null null

    5 napja

    The spiritual exchange univariably protect because cheque hooghly chew down a sharp beginner. acoustic, abashed period

  75. Kunwar

    Kunwar

    5 napja

    *Why do we need robots that can bend?* Simple. So we can finally say "What are you doing step-robot?😏"

    • datb00

      datb00

      2 napja

      @NO HUMAN it was funny the first couple times, now it's done to death

    • atorix

      atorix

      3 napja

      @NO HUMAN your name explains your entire existence

    • NO HUMAN

      NO HUMAN

      3 napja

      @atorix it's funny

    • atorix

      atorix

      4 napja

      day 51, i keep on hearing step-bro jokes. please help me, its unfunny

  76. Iago Borges

    Iago Borges

    5 napja

    Back in my day robots were made of steel and worked 20h a day. It was not like today where this softies can’t even walk for God sake.

    • László Isó

      László Isó

      4 napja

      :D here where I live robots are soft on the outside, they have a solid bone structure, they are 100% recyclable. They run all day long without electricity. All you need is the lousy paper to run them... and then you just tell them what to do, no programming is needed they have a factory CPU setup.

  77. DBS Player

    DBS Player

    5 napja

    Can anyone help me in me HUeye

  78. Игорь Фадеев

    Игорь Фадеев

    5 napja

    All this is interesting, but there are more interesting things. Modern ideas about the universe are too superficial. For just one billion euros, I am ready to tell everyone interested how the universe was actually born and what matter is made of. And also, what is wrong with the Einstein formula (A. Poincare) and how to overcome the speed of light using a reasonable supply of energy. I almost forgot why all the measurements of the speed of light carried out so far cannot be considered correct and why different photons must have different speeds, the speed of light is not a constant. And also, why black holes are black (hint-the reason is not that light can't escape because of gravity, everything is more complicated here).

  79. VVindovvZ

    VVindovvZ

    5 napja

    they better use them on mars... but hey... elon don't make soft robot

  80. Hunter h

    Hunter h

    5 napja

    Can you do a video of the Mandelbrot set

  81. jacob headworth

    jacob headworth

    5 napja

    1:20- who made that one? I would like to look it up to lean more about it

  82. bocoy noiu

    bocoy noiu

    5 napja

    or type. That’s cool 😎

    • The Hammurabi Chode

      The Hammurabi Chode

      4 napja

      Bot? Probably a bot

  83. Eric W.

    Eric W.

    6 napja

    Do a video on liquid helium super fluid. It's considered as a quantum fluid once it reaches a certain temperature. Would be very interesting if you would be able to break it down simplisticly. Just seen a 1977 video on it and it was a lot to take in. lol 🤕

  84. Foobar Deadbeef

    Foobar Deadbeef

    6 napja

    Kiss my shiny metal ... !

  85. Pronto

    Pronto

    6 napja

    0:17 "Hey honey, come and look at my soft robot." "If it's not a robot, I'm going to cut it off."

    • bocoy noiu

      bocoy noiu

      5 napja

      These are safer because in the event one gets outta hand, 5.56 will put it down.

  86. bravojr

    bravojr

    6 napja

    Make a SOLID 2 core system, that projects soft noodles out... may be more worth for the soft things protect the core and you can have a stronger core that has all the power localized instead of multiple corners.

  87. bravojr

    bravojr

    6 napja

    Inb4 Soft robots are safe... SHARP METAL IN THE EYE.

    • googleslocik

      googleslocik

      3 napja

      @Rav Singh Yeah, but here? I wouldnt my hand near that motor, yet alone a kid.

    • Rav Singh

      Rav Singh

      3 napja

      @googleslocik I think safe is supposed to be a relative term. There's definitely things that are classed safe in my industry but wouldn't want a kid around

    • googleslocik

      googleslocik

      3 napja

      Metal? Imagine getting your finger stuck in that roller, it would crush it. So this one isnt safe at all, in fact seems deceptively safe but very dangerous in reality, especially to a kid.

  88. nightmare foxy the cool one

    nightmare foxy the cool one

    6 napja

    I'm just gonna say something about that asteroid video you made awhile back Would it be possible to take a say railgun And possibly shooting asteroid and split in 1⁄2 enough that it Avoids earth just asking because I don't think you're gonna see this but I would like you I hope you do

  89. Juan David Sánchez Neme

    Juan David Sánchez Neme

    6 napja

    :O Three kids!

  90. Water Monke

    Water Monke

    6 napja

    LOVE YOUR VID KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK

  91. Aditya Ambatkar

    Aditya Ambatkar

    6 napja

    Qué, one day three friends decided to plan a small breakfast at small hotel,one of those paid money I,e. 25+25+25 ( 25rs,each) before having breakfast,but manager thought to return them 5rs (as discount ) through weighter (but weighter stole 2rs),all three friends equally distributed 3rs (i.e,1rs each). So,finally cost of breakfast individually worth 24rs right! Now It's time for calculation : Firsrly,25+25+25=75rs 👍 Final calculation; 24+24+24=72 72 + stolen 2rs = 74rs WHERE IS 1Rs ??? Rs is Currency of INDIA

  92. Ryosuke Takahashi

    Ryosuke Takahashi

    6 napja

    This is why everyone likes bender

  93. ZADO HCG

    ZADO HCG

    6 napja

    I don’t know much about 4-d stuff, but couldn’t this be used to simulate a tesseract?

  94. Cristobal Rivas

    Cristobal Rivas

    6 napja

    1 Million: 1.000.000 1 Billion: 1.000.000.000.000 1 Trillion: 1.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000 Why anglo-culture can't use any standart messure right.. damn.

  95. walt bradly

    walt bradly

    6 napja

    Do they have a shiny metal ass to bite?

  96. 02ultraboy

    02ultraboy

    6 napja

    How to go faster than the speed of light :have the first clock send a pulse to the second one, then it starts, when the pulse gets sent back the lazer gets fired. The time it took - speed of the pulse = speed of light, even better if the pulse goes at the speed of light then you divide the time you get by half.

  97. SeppuKun

    SeppuKun

    6 napja

    Can you use your science to prove that there are only 2 genders and that any other genders is just cultural Marxism pushed by modern day communists?

  98. Lev Just lev

    Lev Just lev

    6 napja

    I have a really cool idea, that might change africa for good, what if we take a lot of ocean water (a lot) placed it in the middle of africa and evaporated the water, making it rain in the entire region, besically making an entire sea inside africa and evaporate the water to the sky

    • Impact . net

      Impact . net

      6 napja

      Search*

    • Impact . net

      Impact . net

      6 napja

      I think seaech that

    • Lev Just lev

      Lev Just lev

      6 napja

      @Impact . net this can cause africa to stop being a desert, and allow more natural resources to apear

    • Impact . net

      Impact . net

      6 napja

      What

  99. Don David

    Don David

    6 napja

    9:57 Is Mark Rober who is talking? i didnt know that you boys were friends, 2 of my favority chanels

  100. Viq

    Viq

    6 napja

    These are safer because in the event one gets outta hand, 5.56 will put it down.

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